Oracle Database 11G Installation on Solaris 10

I had installed Oracle Database 11g on Solaris 10 few days back. I thought of documenting the steps for easy reference. Please find below steps for the same

Installation Pre-Requisite

Refer to Oracle Database Installation Guide 11g Release 1 (11.1) for Solaris Operating System for checking Hardware and Software Requirements.

User Creation and Environment Settings

1)Create groups for Oracle account

<span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: small;">#groupadd oinstall
#groupadd dba
#groupadd oper</span>

2)Create Oracle Default Home directory

<span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: small;"># mkdir /export/home
# mkdir /export/home/oracle</span>

3)Create Oracle user

<span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: small;"># useradd -g oinstall -G dba -d /export/home/oracle -s /usr/bin/bash oracle
# chown oracle:oinstall /export/home/oracle</span>

4)Create Project for Oracle for setting the kernel parameters

In case of Solaris 10, you can use projects to configure the kernel parameters instead of /etc/system file. This can be done as following

<span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: small;"># projadd -U oracle -K "project.max-shm-memory=(priv,4g,deny)" oracle
# projmod -sK "project.max-sem-nsems=(priv,256,deny)" oracle
# projmod -sK "project.max-sem-ids=(priv,100,deny)" oracle
# projmod -sK "project.max-shm-ids=(priv,100,deny)" oracle</span>

There are many more ways of creating project entries such as group.group-name or user.user-name. For more details refer to Solaris Administration documents.

Update

Last three settings made by projmod command are not required as these values are lower than the default. This was pointed by Mike Madland and he also gave a Sun documentation link

http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/819-2724/6n50b0795?l=en&a=view#chapter1-33
You can check the values for max-sem-ids and max-shm-ids with this command:

<span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: small;">prctl -n project.max-sem-ids -i task `ps -o taskid= -p $$`</span>

5)Create .bash_profile for Oracle user

<span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: small;">#Oracle Environment Settings
TMP=/tmp; export TMP
TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR
ORACLE_BASE=/u03/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE
ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.1.0/db_1; export ORACLE_HOME
ORACLE_SID=TESTDB11G; export ORACLE_SID
PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/bin:/usr/ccs/bin:/usr/sfw/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/bin</span>

Now Set the Display to a X-windowing enabled system.

<span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: small;">$ export DISPLAY=192.168.4.47:0.0</span>

Also allow the host to accept the connection by

<span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: small;">$xhost +</span>

Oracle Software Installation

Go to the Oracle dump location and run runInstaller as Oracle user

<span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: small;">$./runInstaller</span>

This will open Oracle Universal Installer(OUI) screen. If Oracle Universal Installer is not displayed, then ensure DISPLAY variable is set correctly. Select “Software only” option and install the software. If any of the pre-requisite’s are not met , then installation will fail. You would be required to make necessary changes to proceed.

Database Creation

We will be using ASM for the Database files. For this we need to perform some configuration

1)Prepare the Raw device for using as ASM Disks

<span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: small;"># ls -l
total 0
crw------- 1 root root 125, 1 Jun 20 10:39 1</span>

Disk should be owned by Oracle user and should have permission set to 660

<span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: small;"># chown oracle:dba 1
# chmod 660 1

- # ls -ltr
total 0
crw-rw---- 1 oracle dba 125, 1 Jun 20 10:39 1</span>

2)Configure CSS Service

In case of Solaris 10, we need to use Service Management Facility (SMF) for configuring CSS service else it will not start. Refer to my earlier post for this step i.e 11.1.0.6 ASM installation on Solaris fails -II

3) Configure ASM Instance

a)Go to $ORACLE_HOME/bin

b)Execute dbca from this directory (ensure dbca is properly set)

<span style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: small;">$./dbca</span>

c) Select Configure ASM Instance option. This will create ASM instance for you. After this you can create Diskgroups using GUI or else use sqlplus to do the same.

4)Now continue creating database normally and enter Diskgroup Name after selecting Oracle Managed files as database file location.

While you navigate through GUI screens, it will prompt you to Specifying Security Settings

- Keep the enhanced 11g security settings(recommended)
– Revert to pre 11g settings

Select the 11g settings which will enable Auditing by default and also enable Case sensitive passwords with Stronger password hashing algorithm.

I have not discussed GUI screens for DBCA and OUI in this article. These are pretty much standard screens. In case you need more information about it, then you can refer to Oracle 11g Install guide for Solaris

27 thoughts on “Oracle Database 11G Installation on Solaris 10

  1. Nice article. Just a note on the last three project settings:
    # projmod -sK “project.max-sem-nsems=(priv,256,deny)” oracle
    # projmod -sK “project.max-sem-ids=(priv,100,deny)” oracle
    # projmod -sK “project.max-shm-ids=(priv,100,deny)” oracle

    These aren’t actually needed since these values are lower than the default. Oracle runs fine with the default values.

    Here’s a link to the Sun documentation for these values: http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/819-2724/6n50b0795?l=en&a=view#chapter1-33

    You can check the values for max-sem-ids and max-shm-ids with this command:

    prctl -n project.max-sem-ids -i task `ps -o taskid= -p $$`

  2. Thaar,

    11g has not been released for Solaris x86 (32 bit) platform, so answer would be NO, you cannot install 11g on OpenSolaris x86.

    -Amit

  3. Any tips/documents/”how I did it” for Oracle 11g RAC clusterware/VCS on Solaris (NFS/NAS etc)?

    Looking for this.

    Kartik Vashishta

  4. We have Oracle database running fine on Solaris 10

    I am trying to install OID on the same machine.
    When accepting Identity Management and Repository Option I get a popup saying
    Dependencies. The following kernel parameters do not meet the recommended values for database installation.
    The value of semmni is less than 100, and 7 more

    What do I need to change
    I have done as suggested above.

  5. Managed to solve this problem

    Taken from http://download.oracle.com/docs/cd/B14100_14/relnotes.1012/relnotes/install.htm

    3.1.1.3 /etc/system Requirements for Installation

    As part of the pre-requisite checks conducted by Oracle Universal Installer prior to installation of Oracle Application Server, kernel parameters are inspected in the /etc/system file. However, the kernel values described in the Oracle Application Server 10g Installation Guide are not used on the Solaris 10 system.

    As a workaround, make changes to kernel parameter values in the /etc/system file as indicated in the Requirements chapter of the Oracle Application Server 10g Installation Guide prior to installation of Oracle Application Server. Following installation of Oracle Application Server on the Solaris 10 system, remove the changes you made to the values specified in the /etc/system file.

    In summary, the changes made to the kernel parameters in the /etc/system file should be temporary and should be undone after installation of Oracle Application Server is completed.

  6. Hi, I’m newby in unix machines and i need some help to install oracle 11g. I have some questian i hope somebody could help me:

    1.- How do i create .bash_profile in the step 5?
    2.- $ means that the user is oracle and # the user is root?
    3.- My installation files owner is root, do I have to change the permissions to execute runInstaller with oracle user?

    Thanks in advance!

    • Borja,

      Please find response to your queries below

      1. You need to create a file in oracle user home directory i.e /home/oracle.
      $vi .bash_profile
      copy the contents and save the file
      2. Yes.
      3. Yes , you will have to change the permissions. Suppose your installation files are in folder dump, then do following
      #chown -R oracle:oinstall dump

      Meanwhile would recommend you to start reading unix stuff. It’s pretty cool and I hope you will enjoy the experience :)

      Cheers
      Amit

  7. Hi again!
    I want to startup oracle automatically when my solaris machine starts, i have tried some scripts from some webs but they didn’t work, any reference or help for this issue?

    Merci!

  8. Geetha,

    You do not require ACFS for installing oracle binaries. Moreover I think ACFS is only available on OEL5 and RHEL5 as of now (i.e 11.2.0.1) and not available on AIX

    Cheers
    Amit

    • Tanvir,

      It’s not mandatory for you to have all 3 groups. But at times you want some users who can make sysdba connection to database and not allow them to patch oracle installation. You can read install guides for detailed information

  9. how different is it to install Oracle 11g on Solaris 10 non-global zone? is there any handy dandy lionk / blog post describing steps

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