ORA-01873 error running SAP pre-upgrade scripts

While trying to run pre_upgrade_status.sql script for DB upgrade ( to, we got following error

ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01873: the leading precision of the interval is too small
ORA-06512: at line 8

On debugging further , found out that it was due to limit imposed on “INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND” datatype. By default precision is 2 i.e. interval day to second is equivalent to interval day(2) to second(2). As per Oracle this is not bug and you should use internal datatype DSINTERVAL_UNCONSTRAINED

I couldn’t get any hit on web for this as this error will only be encountered if the AWR retention is set to 100 or more days. This is easily reproducible

--Set retention to >100 days
execute dbms_workload_repository.modify_snapshot_settings (interval => 60,retention =>145440)

--execute following code

sap_awr_small      BOOLEAN  := FALSE;
sap_awr_retention_days NUMBER;
sap_awr_retention  INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND;
       sap_awr_small := FALSE;

       SELECT RETENTION INTO sap_awr_retention from DBA_HIST_WR_CONTROL WHERE  dbid = (select dbid from v$database);
       -- dbms_output.put_line(sap_awr_retention);
       sap_awr_retention_days := extract (day from sap_awr_retention);
       -- dbms_output.put_line(sap_awr_retention_days);
       if (sap_awr_retention_days < 42) THEN
         sap_awr_small := TRUE;
       END IF;

ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01873: the leading precision of the interval is too small
ORA-06512: at line 8

Easy workaround is to set retention to lower value say 99 days and revert it post upgrade

execute dbms_workload_repository.modify_snapshot_settings (interval => 60,retention =>142560)

In case you are facing this error in your application code, then you can Refer MyOracle Support article ORA-1873 : When Passing Datetime Interval with Precision > 2 in a Parameter (Doc ID 394260.1) for modifying your code to use custom type.

Amit Bansal

Experienced professional with 16 years of expertise in database technologies. In-depth knowledge of designing and implementation of Disaster Recovery / HA solutions, Database Migrations , performance tuning and creating technical solutions. Skills: Oracle,MySQL, PostgreSQL, Aurora, AWS, Redshift, Hadoop (Cloudera) , Elasticsearch, Python

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